What Are the Characteristics and Advantages Of Ocean Freight Services?
Understanding ocean freight services
Ocean freight services drive 80% to 90% of global trade, transporting over 10 billion tons of containers, solids and liquids annually across the world's oceans. Throughout history, people and goods have transversed the seas between continents. Ocean freight services can effectively transport almost any type of cargo, although air travel has been proven to be more suitable for perishable and high-value goods. The industrial revolution further improved marine transportation with the utilization of internal combustion engine power, and the subsequent adoption of containerization once again greatly improved the efficiency of ocean freight services.
The rise of globalization and e-commerce has led to exponential growth of import and export of goods in recent years, making ocean freight services the most sought-after mode of international goods transport. Ocean freight services logistics currently account for 80% to 90% of international goods transport worldwide, whether it be containerized or bulk cargo. In Spain, 80% to 85% of imports and roughly 50% of exports are transported via ocean freight services.
Characteristics of ocean freight services
Ocean freight services are the preferred means of international transport, thanks to the presence of the world's oceans and key ports, as well as good connections with other land transport modes, enabling the supplementation of any imaginable route in the quickest way possible. Ocean freight services provide great flexibility and versatility, adapting to any type of cargo and transport needs. Depending on the type of cargo, small or large ships can be used. There are also ships that are suitable for all types of cargo, such as those dedicated to handling bulk solids.
Advantages of ocean freight services
One of the biggest factors for success in marine transport is the large number of advantages that can be found in this type of operation. Ocean freight services have storage capacity and volume, and ships are the transportation tool with the greatest capacity for transporting large quantities of goods. This storage capacity cannot be compared with that of trains, airplanes or trucks. Ocean freight services are the most cost-effective means of transportation. Container ships almost always depart with maximum capacity, meaning that the cost of each container is the lowest. If your cargo doesn't require an entire container, you can share it with other importers or exporters. Ocean freight services are safe and reliable, and compared to airplanes, ships are less dependent on weather, so departures and arrivals are usually not delayed due to weather conditions.