International freight can be said to be an essential and important part of goods transportation. When goods are imported and exported, their spatial circulation range is extremely vast, so it is necessary to rely on freight international transport methods for trading. Therefore, the role of international freight is enormous, not only promoting the circulation of goods between countries, but also catalyzing the innovation of trade models.
Characteristics of International Freight
The biggest characteristic of international freight is that logistics spans across borders and logistics activities are carried out between different countries. Therefore, the existence and development of freight international can promote the reasonable flow of material resources around the world, make the flow route of international materials or goods the best, with the lowest circulation cost, best service, and highest benefits. At the same time, with the support of international information systems and the exchange of materials among various regions around the world, freight international can promote the development of the world economy through the rational organization of logistics, improve friendly exchanges among countries, and promote the benign development of the international political and economic situation. This, in turn, promotes the development of the entire human material and spiritual culture towards peace, stability, and a more civilized direction.
Logistics refers to the entire process of planning, implementation, and management for satisfying customers' needs in the most cost-effective way through transportation, storage, distribution, and other means to achieve the flow of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, and related information from the production site to the consumption site. The components of logistics include the transport, distribution, warehousing, packaging, handling, and unloading of goods, as well as related logistics information. The specific content of logistics activities includes the following aspects: customer service, demand forecasting, order processing, distribution, inventory control, transportation, warehouse management, factory and warehouse layout and location, handling and loading and unloading, procurement, packaging, intelligence and information.
The "things" in logistics refer to that part of material world that not only possesses physical characteristics but can also undergo physical displacement. The "flow" refers to physical movement, which has a limited meaning. It refers to the physical movement that occurs relative to the earth, with the earth as the reference system, and is called "displacement." The range of flow can be geographically extensive, or it can be a microscopic movement in the same region and environment. The combination of "things" and "flow" is a higher-level form of movement based on natural motion. They are interconnected between economic purposes and physical objects, between military purposes and physical objects, and even between certain social purposes and physical objects, seeking the laws of motion.