Sea transportation is a way of transporting goods between ports of different countries and regions by using ships through sea lanes, and it is the most important mode of transportation in international trade.
2. Main features of maritime transportations
Sea transportation is carried out with the help of natural waterways, which is not restricted by roads and tracks and has a stronger passing capacity. With the changes of political, economic and trade environment and natural conditions, the route can be adjusted and changed at any time to complete the transport tasks.
3. The main role of sea transportation
Marine cargo transportation is the main mode of international trade transportation
Although there are shortcomings of international maritime cargo transportation in terms of lower speed and higher risks, it has become the main mode of transportation in international trade due to its large throughput capacity, large volume, low freight costs, and strong adaptability to cargoes, as well as unique global geographical conditions.
Marine cargo transportation is one of the important channels for the country to save foreign exchange payment and increase foreign exchange income
In our country freight expenses generally account for about 10% of the total import and export of foreign trade, especially the proportion of freight costs of bulk goods accounted for more, trade, if the full use of international trade terms, to fight for us to send more ships, not only to save the payment of foreign exchange, but also to fight for more foreign exchange income.
The development of marine transportation industry is conducive to improving the country's industrial structure and the structure of international trade export commodities
Marine transportation is dependent on the practice of nautical activities to achieve, the basis of nautical activities is the shipbuilding industry, navigation technology and mastering the technology of seafarers. Shipbuilding industry is a comprehensive industry, its development can drive the development of steel industry, ship equipment industry, electronic instrumentation industry, and promote the improvement of the industrial structure of the whole country.
Marine transportation fleet is an important reserve force of national defense
The sea ocean shipping fleet has traditionally been used as a logistical transport tool in wartime. All countries in the world attach great importance to the maritime shipping business, through legislation to protect, from the financial support and subsidies, in the cargo to give preferential.